As extreme weather events grip the world, leaders from across the globe are converging for the 28th United Nations Climate Change Conference, known as COP28. Taking place from November 28 to December 12, this summit aims to confront the urgent issue of climate change.
Why COP28 Matters
COP28 marks the 28th annual meeting where world leaders strategize measures to address the climate crisis. ‘COP’ stands for ‘Conference of Parties,’ referring to nations that ratified the original UN climate pact in 1992. These conferences are crucial platforms for governments to agree on policies combating global temperature increases and adapting to climate change impacts.
The 21st COP resulted in the landmark Paris Agreement, rallying global efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C by 2100 and devise strategies for climate change adaptation.
Controversy in the UAE
The choice of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as the host has stirred controversy. As a top oil producer, the UAE significantly contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. Despite being vulnerable to climate impacts, the nation is implementing emission reduction measures, committing to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The UAE was also the first in its region to sign the Paris Agreement.
COP28’s focus includes collective action to combat climate change and the vital role of finance in transitioning to a low-carbon world. Discussions will likely address funds for climate action, particularly from wealthier to poorer nations.
Who’s In Attendance
Delegates from nearly 200 countries are expected at the conference, making it one of the largest UN climate summits with over 70,000 attendees. Notable participants include India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, UK’s Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, and Pope Francis. Notably absent is US President Joe Biden.
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